research

How is Work Stress Affecting Sleep in the US?

It’s no secret that in our increasingly fast-paced economy, people’s sleep is suffering at the expense of earning a decent living. Studies have shown that workers in the UK and US are getting less than the recommended amount of sleep – both clocking up an average of 6.8 hours to be exact – which can negatively impact everything from people’s performance at work to physical and mental health. Having studied how work stress affects nightly rest in both countries, here are the key findings: The annual cost of a lack of sleep to the UK economy is £40bn ($53.2bn) while this figure reaches £310bn ($411bn) in the US. This is due to a huge loss in working days – 200,000 in the UK and 1.2m in the US – plus the lowered productivity of those who do make it in. London ranks 3rd in the UK for work-related sleep loss Adding 1 extra hour of sleep per night could boost your wages by 5%. UK workers put in an average of 42 hours per week (8.5 per day) while those in the US work for 44 hours (9 per day). Almost 75% of Brits sleep less than 7 hours per night (Royal Society for Public Health) while 65% of Americans get 7 hours or less (Gallup poll). Work-related stress is keeping the UK & US up at night Any form of stress has severely negative consequences on your sleep patterns. Unsurprisingly, work-related anxiety is one of the leading causes of the national...

Science Behind Different Types of Video Game Medicine

Video games have some of the most advanced medicinal practices and some greatly staffed programs. In this article, we dive into the science behind some of the more popular games out there right now to see what video game medicine the government is secretly hiding from us. Battlefield 1 Medic! Battlefield 1 is a game developed by EA Dice, and is a World War I first person shooter game.  The player battles through the major events of World War I and competes online against other players. But what is interesting is the healing process of players in the game.  To “revive” or heal an opponent, one simply whips out a needle filled with a grey fluid and pokes the player anywhere on their body. That grey juice must have been a scientific advancement during World War 1 that the government didn’t want us to find out about; boosting white and red blood cell counts and drastically speeding up white blood cell work and platelets (for those who don’t know, platelets are small cells that clump together to prevent and aid in stopping bleeding). Those wounds, burns, and scrapes heal up quicker than wolverine, and your back in the fight! Call of Duty World War II As with Battlefield 1, Call of Duty World War II makes it seem that World War II had a much more advanced medical system...

Are Older Doctors Worse Than Younger Ones?

If you’re a patient, would you trust older doctors, or younger ones? Perhaps you’d pick an older one because you think they’re more seasoned and knowledgeable. Or, maybe you’d choose a younger one because you think they’re more up to date with modern treatments. Deciding between doctors can be tricky, but a recent BMJ study has elucidated a key difference in performance between younger and older doctors. The study—led by Dr. Anupam Jena of Harvard Medical School—took a random sample of Medicare data for more than 700,000 hospital admissions from 2011 to 2014, and found that doctors age 50 and above have higher patient mortality rates than doctors under age 50. The results are summarized in the table below: Doctor age range Patient mortality rate 40 and under 10.8% 40-49 11.1% 50-59 11.3% 60 and above 12.1% The differences are small, but they’re meaningful. The study controlled for a number of factors, including the possibility that the sickest patients were assigned to older physicians on any given day. Jena suggests that older doctors have worse outcomes because they’re less up to date with the newest medical technologies. “There’s a fear that as doctors get further away from residency, they might be out of touch with new technologies and treatments,” Jena told STAT news. Studies support Jena’s claim—a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine found that over half of...

Everything You Should Know About The Endocrine System

We live in a period where many people are steadily and consciously working towards leaving a healthy lifestyle. Some desire to gain weight but many would love to lose a few pounds here and there. You are probably exercising daily and sticking to a diet. However, you realise that though you are doing everything right; you aren’t getting the desired effects. Well, the problem could not be in the program but your body. If you are looking for professional endocrinology residency writing online, it’s safe to assume that you understand the basics of the endocrine system. However, just a refresher, what is the endocrine system? Basics of the Endocrine System The human body is made up of various systems. To help you cope with stresses and multiple events, the endocrine, immune and nervous system work together. Several glands located throughout your body, make up the endocrine system. The hormones secreted by these glands regulate different activities of the body. It includes your metabolism, reproduction, sexual function, to mood. Produced and secreted by the organs, the hormones disperse throughout one’s body through the circulatory system. In your personal statement internal medicine, you should know that these hormones work on tissues, cells and organs that are far from the gland that produces the hormone. The glands within this system can be categorised into two: Exocrine Glands: they secrete their hormones into...

August is for ALS

You’ve probably heard of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, better known as ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease, from the Ice Bucket Challenge that blew up the Internet about four years ago. I was one of the tens of thousands nationwide who took the icy plunge to raise awareness for this debilitating condition that effects 5-7 per 100,000 people in the US. Who would’ve known a couple years later I would be working in a laboratory to find an effective treatment or better yet, a cure. As August is ALS awareness month, I thought I’d recount my experience and share what I learned. I’d also like to dedicate this article to my best friend’s grandmother who was recently diagnosed with ALS as well as her grandfather who has Alzheimer’s disease. During my final year at Georgetown University, I interned at the Laboratory for Dementia and Parkinsonism where I delved into the pathology of ALS as well as dementia. One of the very first interesting tidbits I learned is that ALS, a motor neuron disease (MND), is now thought to be on a spectrum of the same disorder as frontotemporal dementia (FTD). More specifically, ALS is a disease of the upper and lower motor neurons that eventually leads to loss of voluntary movement, paralysis, and respiratory failure; yet, some ALS patients present with behavioral and cognitive impairment that is commonly seen in dementia....

HIIT It Or Quit It: Truth or Misconception?

What if I told you that you could cut your workout time in half and perhaps achieve better results? The only caveat is that you must exert yourself to your maximum, until you’re breathless. Don’t worry; you do get some recovery periods thrown into the mix. And research shows that three days a week is all you need. Not as low key and relaxing, but definitely more efficient and ideal for hectic schedules. However, this in no way suggests that you should do away with your at least weekly yoga class. A little variety never hurt anyone; if anything, it’s encouraged. HIIT or high-intensity interval training has been at the forefront of the fitness world—not only because it’s brief, but also because just a twenty-minute session is as beneficial if not more so than 60 minutes on the elliptical or a moderately paced run. Sounds too good to be true, especially for the majority of us constantly on the go who struggle to consistently make time for a sweat sesh. The key to HIIT is short bursts of energy to reach eighty percent of your maximum heart rate instead of low-intensity, endurance-focused physical activity. Emerging evidence suggests that upping the intensity of your workout for a brief period of time can just as effectively reduce body fat and promote fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscle as your traditional 60-minute...

“You Could Be Brushing Your Teeth with Feces” And Other Hidden Germs Around The House

Did you know? 64% of people wait a month or more to wash their hand towels, meaning that they might as well be washing their hands in the toilet. People that don’t clean their phone are twice as likely to suffer from outbreaks of spots than those who do once a week. Only 17% of women wash their makeup brushes although it’s recommended to do so once a week. You could be brushing your teeth with feces. Black spots on your shower curtain contain literally billions of mold spores. An infestation of one female bed bug can rise to 5000 in 6 months It’s that time of year again. Spring cleaning season is officially underway and many items around the home need more than a dust or a quick wipe. Germs are so small they can be hiding in plain sight and while most bacteria we come across every day is relatively harmless, there are some nasty ones to watch out as they can affect our health. These include E. coli, staph, and mold. Cleaning thoroughly and often is the only way to ensure these bacteria are kept at bay. You might be surprised at the germs that lurk in some of your most often used household items. You could be brushing your teeth with feces If you flush the toilet with the lid open, particles of water, urine and feces...