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The Most Recent Epidemics Around The World – #3

Human beings are social creatures. Along with our tendency to form groups and communities comes the inherent risk of disease transmission. The closer we live and the more derelict we tend to be in our duties towards maintaining sanitary living conditions, the more openly we can invite some of the worst pathogens we never want to see.   Thus, let’s take a stroll down the past 15 years and recall some of the most crucial diseases that delivered a substantial blow to human society, reminding us of the cunningness of virology and taking us back to our humble beginnings.   Over the next several weeks, I will be dedicating one article each to the top 10 most recent disease outbreaks around the world, with our next one here at #3.   3. Ebola More specifically known as Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), Ebola is a fatal hemorrhagic viral infection. Direct contact with the blood, secretions, and body fluids of infected individuals is thought to be the primary mode of transmission, with initial spread purported to originate through contact with wild animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, and fruit bats. Spreading the virus by sexual contact is still questionable.   Patients are only contagious after the development of symptoms, which include vomiting, diarrhea, and rash, along with severe internal and external bleeding in the most severe cases. In terms of treatment, while...

The Most Recent Epidemics Around The World – #4

Human beings are social creatures. Along with our tendency to form groups and communities comes the inherent risk of disease transmission. The closer we live and the more derelict we tend to be in our duties towards maintaining sanitary living conditions, the more openly we can invite some of the worst pathogens we never want to see.   Thus, let’s take a stroll down the past 15 years and recall some of the most crucial diseases that delivered a substantial blow to human society, reminding us of the cunningness of virology and taking us back to our humble beginnings.   Over the next several weeks, I will be dedicating one article each to the top 10 most recent disease outbreaks around the world, with our next one here at #4.   4. Yellow Fever Yellow fever is a condition caused by a flavivirus that is spread among primates and non-primates by a mosquito bite. While a majority of individuals affected by yellow fever have mild to no illness, others show symptoms of fever, chills, fatigue, and weakness, with 15% of patients progressing towards a more severe form of the ailment with jaundice, bleeding, and multi-organ system failure. Spread of the virus can be exaggerated by living closer to tropical areas that increase the incidence of being in contact with mosquitoes.   Sudan is one of the premier examples of...

The Most Recent Epidemics Around The World – #5

Source Human beings are social creatures. Along with our tendency to form groups and communities comes the inherent risk of disease transmission. The closer we live and the more derelict we tend to be in our duties towards maintaining sanitary living conditions, the more openly we can invite some of the worst pathogens we never want to see.   Thus, let’s take a stroll down the past 15 years and recall some of the most crucial diseases that delivered a substantial blow to human society, reminding us of the cunningness of virology and taking us back to our humble beginnings.   Over the next several weeks, I will be dedicating one article each to the top 10 most recent disease outbreaks around the world, with our next one here at #5.   5. Dengue Fever Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne infection that is spread by the bite of the Aedes mosquitoes from one person to another, with no risk of direct person-to-person transmission. Common symptoms include high fever, headaches, fatigue, skin rashes, nausea, and vomiting, many of which mimic the flu, leading affected individuals to delay treatment given the overlap in symptoms along with common tendencies to avoid unnecessary care due to socioeconomic conditions, gaps in healthcare access, and many other factors in developing countries. Management of identified individuals is not centered on any targeted therapies, with care being...

The Most Recent Epidemics Around The World – #6

Human beings are social creatures. Along with our tendency to form groups and communities comes the inherent risk of disease transmission. The closer we live and the more derelict we tend to be in our duties towards maintaining sanitary living conditions, the more openly we can invite some of the worst pathogens we never want to see.   Thus, let’s take a stroll down the past 15 years and recall some of the most crucial diseases that delivered a substantial blow to human society, reminding us of the cunningness of virology and taking us back to our humble beginnings.   Over the next several weeks, I will be dedicating one article each to the top 10 most recent disease outbreaks around the world, with our next one here at #6.   6. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) HFMD is a viral infection caused by a group of enteroviruses. Primarily affecting children, the condition is characterized by fever, painful sores in the mouth, and a rash with blisters on the hands, feet, and buttocks. The modes of disease transmission include saliva, mucus, stool, and fluid from the blisters. While treatment for HFMD is limited, most patients recover with symptomatic management and rest, with a few coming down with more severe complications such as meningitis and encephalitis.   Vietnam sees cases of HFMD seasonally. However, in 2011, the country experienced...

The Most Recent Epidemics Around The World – #7

Human beings are social creatures. Along with our tendency to form groups and communities comes the inherent risk of disease transmission. The closer we live and the more derelict we tend to be in our duties towards maintaining sanitary living conditions, the more openly we can invite some of the worst pathogens we never want to see. Thus, let’s take a stroll down the past 15 years and recall some of the most crucial diseases that delivered a substantial blow to human society, reminding us of the cunningness of virology and taking us back to our humble beginnings. Over the next several weeks, I will be dedicating one article each to the top 10 most recent disease outbreaks around the world, with our next one here at #7.   7. Measles The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has seen one of the most devastating outbreaks of measles. Affecting the country since 2010, nearly 20,000 cases and 300 deaths have been documented in just 2015. Several efforts are in place by organizations around the world to abate the toll of complications and deaths while increasing the number of vaccinated kids for this harmful condition. Given the dynamics in DRC and gaps in healthcare access, the situation is further exacerbated despite of the efforts committed towards resolving the crisis. As a disease, measles primarily strikes the pediatric population, presenting with symptoms...

The Most Recent Epidemics Around The World – #8

  Human beings are social creatures. Along with our tendency to form groups and communities comes the inherent risk of disease transmission. The closer we live and the more derelict we tend to be in our duties towards maintaining sanitary living conditions, the more openly we can invite some of the worst pathogens we never want to see. Thus, let’s take a stroll down the past 15 years and recall some of the most crucial diseases that delivered a substantial blow to human society, reminding us of the cunningness of virology and taking us back to our humble beginnings. Over the next several weeks, I will be dedicating one article each to the top 10 most recent disease outbreaks around the world, with our next one here at #8.   8. Flu The 2009 Flu pandemic was one of the most highly broadcasted and recognized outbreaks in recent memory. According to the CDC, 60.8 million people were affected with 274,304 hospitalizations and 12,469 deaths in the duration of one year from April 2009 to April 2010 – and this is just in the United States! The H1N1 virus was identified as the culprit, discovered to likely be circulating in pigs. While the flu virus is seen in a different form every season given its ability to metamorphose and puzzle the scientific community, this particular form was especially challenging for...

The Most Recent Epidemics Around The World – #9

Human beings are social creatures. Along with our tendency to form groups and communities comes the inherent risk of disease transmission. The closer we live and the more derelict we tend to be in our duties towards maintaining sanitary living conditions, the more openly we can invite some of the worst pathogens we never want to see.   Thus, let’s take a stroll down the past 15 years and recall some of the most crucial diseases that delivered a substantial blow to human society, reminding us of the cunningness of virology and taking us back to our humble beginnings.   Over the next several weeks, I will be dedicating one article each to the top 10 most recent disease outbreaks around the world, with our next one at #9.   9. Cholera Cholera is a bacterial infection caused by the consumption of water infested with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The primary symptom of the condition is severe diarrhea, which can cause substantial dehydration and loss of crucial electrolytes from the body. As a result of this electrolyte imbalance, muscle cramps can also be perpetuated. The disease has a relatively quick onset upon exposure, showing symptoms between a few hours to 5 days. Without treatment, the hypovolemic shock can be lethal, leading to possible death.   Zimbabwe had one of the biggest cases of cholera in 2008-2009, where 98,592 cases...